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Monday, July 18, 2016

Genealogy: A Bridge From the 1880 to the Children in 1900

Lizzie Williams in household of Willie Williams, 1900 US Census
"United States Census, 1900," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 24 Oct 2012), Lizzie Williams in household of Willie Williams, ED 73 Hodges Township Hodges town, Greenwood, South Carolina, United Sta
The first article of this series, “How do you get past the 1880-1900 census gap,” began with identifying the family of Beverly and Matilda Vance and family on the 1880 US Census in Abbeville County, South Carolina. In this article you will continue to follow the bridge from the 1880 US Census where all the Vance children were living with their parents to the 1900 when they had established their own families.

In 1900, neither of the Vance children lived at home with their parents. Some were living in the new boundary of Greenwood County. Previously, Calvin was found newly married to Clorena living in Greenwood County, South Carolina. Lafayette Franklin Vance, his older brother had moved to Union County, South Carolina where he was discovered on the 1900 US Census with his wife, Nunia. Follow along to discover how more of the siblings of Lafayette and Calvin are located:
  • Lee
  • Charlotte
  • Elizabeth
  • Arie Anna
  • Minne
  • Maria
Finding females
Five of the six remaining siblings are female. It is difficult to research them if you do not know their married names. The married names of Charlotte, Elizabeth, Arie Anna and Maria were provided through the oral history interviews of their descendants. This made it possible to know how to search for them on the 1900 US Census:
  • Charlotte Vance married Marshall Johnson
  • Elizabeth Vance married Willie Williams
  • Arie Anna Vance married Lewis Johnson
  • Maria Vance married John Singleton
Search using child’s name
By 1900, Charlotte’s husband had died so a search for Charlotte and Marshall Johnson did not turn up anything. Charlotte was discovered by searching for her son, Moses S. Johnson and entering his mother’s name at She was living in the same town where she grew up with her eight children between nine months and 15 years old (1900 US Census). This illustrates how important it is to identify the name of each child. You create so many more research avenues.

Who is living nearby?
Lewis and Arie Anna Vance Johnson and their seven children were discovered on the previous census page living near Charlotte (1900 US Census). Always check to see who has been enumerated on the pages before and after the family members you discover on the census. Pay close attention to given names to see if you notice similar naming patterns such as naming children after parents or grandparents. Watch for families who have familiar surnames.

Are you being caught by a different spelling?
At first, it was difficult to find Maria(h) Vance Singleton. She was discovered on the 1900 US Census living with her husband and children. Her name was spelled M-a-r-i-a-h which was different than the 1880 US Census (Maria). Her great grandchildren clarified the pronunciation and spelling of her name.

Is someone enumerated by a nickname?
Elizabeth Vance Williams was affectionately called Lizzie. This made it considerably hard to locate her, but after an exhaustive search of the 1900 US Census in Greenwood County, an attempt was made to find her using the nickname, Lizzie. This proved successful, and she was discovered on the 1900 US Census living with her husband, Willie, and their six children in Hodges, Greenwood County, South Carolina. The only Vance children above left to document in 1900 are Minnie and Lee Vance. 


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